Climate change refers to any long-term shift in weather conditions over time, including temperature, precipitation, winds, and other indicators. The impacts of climate change are far-reaching, affecting our infrastructure, weather patterns, wildlife and landscapes. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s special report in 2018, human activities are estimated to have caused approximately 1.0oC rise in global temperature above pre-industrial levels, and is currently increasing the temperature at 0.2oC per decade1. The build-up of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere is the primary cause for concern about climate change now and in the future.
1 IPCC, 2018: Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, H.-O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, W. Moufouma-Okia, C. Péan, R. Pidcock, S. Connors, J.B.R. Matthews, Y. Chen, X. Zhou, M.I. Gomis, E. Lonnoy, T. Maycock, M. Tignor, and T. Waterfield (eds.)]. In Press. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2019/06/SR15_Full_Report_High_Res.pdf